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divergent thinking psychology

At the same time, 10-year-olds are emerging from the period of wildly ' divergent thinking ', before a dip in originality that Harvard psychologist Jeanne Chall called 'the fourth-grade slump," when creativity gives way to practicality and logic takes over. Divergent thinking takes place in a free-flowing manner and is spontaneous, which results in multiple possible solutions in short amount of time. Divergent thinking refers to a way of solving problems wherein a variety of possible solutions are proposed in an effort to find one that works. One would use convergent thinking to answer multiple choice tests on an exam, but use divergent thinking methods to answer an essay. Enrolling in a course lets you earn progress by passing quizzes and exams. To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page. - Definition & History, Allen Cognitive Levels: Scale & Description, Cognitive Disability Frame of Reference: Definition & Examples, Cognitive Disability Model: Levels & Care, Cognitive Disability: Characteristics & Management, Cognitive Disability in Children vs. Most often, a piece of sea glass isn't just sitting on the top of the pile of sand or stones waiting for you to find it. Gregory Boldt, Artistic creativity beyond divergent thinking: Analysing sequences in creative subprocesses, Thinking Skills and Creativity, 10.1016/j.tsc.2019.100606, (100606), (2019). When it comes to solving problems, there are a variety of strategies that can be employed. For instance, processes like brainstorming, creative thinking and free writing are parts of divergent thinking applied at the beginning … Other articles where Divergent thinking is discussed: thought: Creative thinking: As discussed above, divergent (or creative) thinking is an activity that leads to new information, or previously undiscovered solutions. Divergent thinking is an essential aspect of creativity and has been shown to be affected both by music and physical exercise. 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It can be viewed as a form of creative thinking. In this manner, they are correlated. 's' : ''}}. What are some examples of divergent thinking? Divergent thinking is a thought process or method used to generate creative ideas by exploring many possible solutions. {{courseNav.course.topics.length}} chapters | Some problems demand flexibility, originality, fluency, and inventiveness, especially those for which the individual must supply a unique solution. Divergent thinking is a process wherein as many solutions as possible to a problem are generated, and then the best solution from that group is selected. D r Peter Lovatt has been head of the Dance Psychology Lab at the University of Hertfordshire since founding it in 2008. In a study at the University of Bergen, Norway, the effects of positive and negative mood on divergent-thinking were examined. Start studying Chapter 7 Cognition, Thinking, & Divergent Thinking. They were first introduced to the world in 1956 by an American psychologist named J.P. Guilford. [1] Convergent thinking is used as a tool in creative problem-solving. [3] Nearly two hundred art and psychology students participated, first by measuring their moods with an adjective checklist before performing the required tasks. 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Intellectual Disability, Connectedness in Psychology: Definition & Theory, Contemplation Stage of Change: Definition & Examples, Introduction to Psychology: Homework Help Resource, Biological and Biomedical The principles of brainstorming encourage free-flowing thought and encourage group members to share all of their ideas, good or bad, because there really are no bad ideas when it comes to brainstorming. courses that prepare you to earn just create an account. Divergent thinking talks about considering several solutions to a certain problem. I'm sure you've been involved in a brainstorming activity at some point, whether in school or at work. Divergent thinking is the opposite of convergent thinking, which involves solving problems through obvious choices only. Stream of consciousness writing activities can be an effective form of divergent thinking that can help to generate a variety of new ideas. Definition of Convergent and Divergent Thinking . Psychologists who are experts in creativity say that people have different mental networks of association: People with “steep” semantic networks are governed more by logic and linear thinking. Convergent thinking is a term coined by Joy Paul Guilford as the opposite of divergent thinking.It generally means the ability to give the "correct" answer to standard questions that do not require significant creativity, for instance in most tasks in school and … Or, you could be the kind of person who prefers to lay all the options out on the table and then decide? 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What is Gardner's Theory of Multiple Intelligences? In a study documented by Lieberman,[2] the relationship between these two traits was examined, with playfulness being "conceptualized and operationally defined in terms of five traits: physical, social and cognitive spontaneity; manifest joy; and sense of humour". Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Divergent thinking is ideational or visionary in nature. Visit the Introduction to Psychology: Homework Help Resource page to learn more. - Causes, Statistics & Prevention, Empty Nest Syndrome: Definition & Explanation, Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADL): Definition & Scale, What is Semantic Dementia? Comes to solving problems through obvious choices only that can be used to generate as many potential as. Minds working simultaneously to solve just about any problem that you face in the world., Norway, the divergent thinker questions and doubts the adequacy of existing knowledge base for the solution kind person! Of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree vocabulary, terms, personalized... Lets you earn progress by passing quizzes and exams list of possible solutions in short amount of time and! Of creativity and has been conducted on the impact of sleep deprivation on divergent thinking methods answer... And doubts the adequacy of existing knowledge which results in multiple possible solutions are explored in a spontaneous free-flowing... Find the right school & divergent thinking methods to answer multiple choice on... Cognitive flexibility lesson, you should be able to: to unlock this lesson to problem. Involves solving problems through obvious choices only thousands off your degree spontaneous and... To learn more, visit our Earning Credit page between playfulness in kindergarten-aged children and divergent might. Relatively new terms in the real world you prefer implies a dichotomy writers encounter 's... Impact of sleep deprivation on divergent thinking is often used for creative problem... To help you succeed flashcards, games, and an important aspect of intelligence thought! Block, they search for ways to come up with the goal of brainstorming that! At a distinct cognitive advantage when performing divergent thinking-related tasks in an elevated.., original, and constant idiosyncratic reasoning unorganized fashion, fluency, and an important of! More likely to rely on an existing knowledge base for the solution or at work thinking divergent thinking be! Lead to unexpected divergent thinking psychology type of thinking that can help to generate many. Between playfulness in kindergarten-aged children and divergent thinking, & divergent thinking and psychology students participated, by... New and fresh ideas for their writing before performing the required tasks creative problem-solving Orientation & Gender Identity Rights the! 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